Sprains & Strains
A SPRAIN is an injury to ligament and soft tissue surrounding a joint (like the wrist or ankle) causing intense pain, restricted movement, rapid swelling, bruising and/or shock.
A STRAIN is a torn or over-stretched muscle or tendon (eg. groin, hamstring) resulting in sharp and sudden pain, muscular tenderness or reduced functionality and/or shock.
Follow the R-I-C-E-R method for both:
R-est the patient and their injury completely
I-ce the injured area with a wrapped ice pack for 15 minutes every 2 hours for the next 24 hours
C-ompression bandage firmly and evenly around the injured area to reduce swelling and bruising
E-levate the injured limb, cushioning the affected area. If in shock, keep the patient lying down with both legs raised if possible
R-efer for medical assistance, or call Triple Zero (000) or mobile 112 for an ambulance if the patient remains in shock, severe pain or is unable to be transported.
Avoid H-A-R-M: Heat, Alcohol, Re-injury, Massage