Hypothermia is a dangerous drop in body temperature caused by prolonged exposure to cold temperature.

Hypothermia will initially present as shivering, followed by confusion, poor coordination, lethargy, slurred speech, slow and/or irregular pulse, and possible unconsciousness.


1. Shelter or gently move patient from exposed weather conditions

2. Remove wet clothing only if weather-protected

3. Help patient into sleeping bag, or wrap in emergency blanket or any dry covering available, ensuring protection from the ground underneath

4. Cover head to prevent further heat loss

5. If conscious, give a warm - not hot - drink

6. Keep patient warm but DO NOT massage, rub, bathe or use radiant heat

7. If patient becomes unconscious, place in recovery position and follow DRSABCD